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AuthorAl-Romaihi, Hamad Eid
AuthorSmatti, Maria K
AuthorGanesan, Nandakumar
AuthorNadeem, Shazia
AuthorFarag, Elmoubasher
AuthorCoyle, Peter V
AuthorNader, Joanne Daghfal
AuthorAl-Khatib, Hebah A
AuthorElmagboul, Emad B
AuthorAl Dhahry, Said
AuthorAl-Marri, Salih A
AuthorAl Thani, Asmaa A
AuthorAl Khal, Abdullatif
AuthorAl Maslamani, Muna A
AuthorYassine, Hadi M
Available date2019-06-19T04:55:30Z
Publication Date2019-06-13
Publication NamePLoS ONEen_US
Identifierhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0218097
CitationAl-Romaihi HE, Smatti MK, Ganesan N, Nadeem S, Farag E, Coyle PV, et al. (2019) Epidemiology of respiratory infections among adults in Qatar (2012-2017). PLoS ONE 14(6): e0218097. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0218097
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10576/11636
AbstractLimited data is available about the etiology of influenza like illnesses (ILIs) in Qatar. This study aimed at providing preliminary estimates of influenza and other respiratory infections circulating among adults in Qatar. We retrospectively collected data of about 44,000 patients who visited Hamad General Hospital clinics, sentinel sites, and all primary healthcare centers in Qatar between 2012 and 2017. All samples were tested for influenza viruses, whereas about 38,000 samples were tested for influenza and a panel of respiratory viruses using Fast Track Diagnostics (FTD) RT-PCR kit. Among all ILIs cases, 20,278 (46.5%) tested positive for at least one respiratory pathogen. Influenza virus was predominating (22.6%), followed by human rhinoviruses (HRVs) (9.5%), and human coronaviruses (HCoVs) (5%). A detection rate of 2-3% was recorded for mycoplasma pneumonia, adenoviruses, human parainfluenza viruses (HPIVs), respiratory syncytial virus (RSV), and human metapneumovirus (HMPV). ILIs cases were reported throughout the year, however, influenza, RSV, and HMPV exhibited strong seasonal peaks in the winter, while HRVs circulated more during fall and spring. Elderly (>50 years) had the lowest rates of influenza A (13.9%) and B (4.2%), while presenting the highest rates of RSV (3.4%) and HMPV (3.3%). While males had higher rates of HRVs (11.9%), enteroviruses (1.1%) and MERS CoV (0.2%), females had higher proportions of influenza (26.3%), HPIVs (3.2%) and RSV (3.6%) infections. This report provides a comprehensive insight about the epidemiology of ILIs among adults in the Qatar, as a representative of Gulf States. These results would help in improvement and optimization of diagnostic procedures, as well as control and prevention of the respiratory infections.
SponsorThis study was supported by funds from Hamad Medical Corporation (grant # 16335/16) and Qatar University (grant # QUCG-BRC-2018/2019-1).
Languageen
PublisherPublic Library of Science
SubjectInfluenza
SubjectEpidemiology
SubjectQatar
SubjectRespiratory infections
TitleEpidemiology of respiratory infections among adults in Qatar (2012-2017).
TypeArticle
Pagination1-16
Issue Number6
Volume Number14
dc.identifier.essn 1932-6203


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