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AuthorDargham, S.
AuthorDargham, Soha R.
AuthorNasrallah, Gheyath K.
AuthorAl-Absi, Enas S.
AuthorMohammed, Layla I.
AuthorAl-Disi, Rana S.
AuthorNofal, Mariam Y.
AuthorAbu-Raddad, Laith J.
Available date2019-09-12T06:47:53Z
Publication Date2018-07-01
Publication NameSexually Transmitted Diseasesen_US
Identifierhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1097/OLQ.0000000000000791
CitationDargham SR, Nasrallah GK, Al-Absi ES, Mohammed LI, Al-Disi RS, Nofal MY, Abu-Raddad LJ. Herpes Simplex Virus Type 2 Seroprevalence Among Different National Populations of Middle East and North African Men. Sex Transm Dis. 2018 Jul;45(7):482-487. doi: 10.1097/OLQ.0000000000000791.
ISSN0148-5717
URIhttps://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?partnerID=HzOxMe3b&scp=85044471006&origin=inward
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10576/11820
Abstract© 2018 The Author(s). Published by Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. on behalf of the American Sexually Transmitted Diseases Association. Background There are limited data on herpes simplex virus type 2 (HSV-2) seroprevalence in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA). We examined country- and age-specific HSV-2 seroprevalence among select MENA populations residing in Qatar. Methods Sera were collected from male blood donors attending Hamad Medical Corporation between June 2013 and June 2016. Specimens were screened for anti-HSV-2 IgG antibodies following a 2-test algorithm: HerpeSelect 2 ELISA was used to identify HSV-2-positive specimens, and Euroline-WB was used to confirm positive and equivocal specimens for final HSV-2 status. Trends and associations with HSV-2 seropositivity were assessed. Results Of the 2077 tested sera, 61 were found and confirmed positive. The proportion of those confirmed positive increased steadily with HerpeSelect 2 ELISA index value, ranging from 16.3% for index values of 1.101 to 1.999 to 92.9% for index values of 4 or greater. Nationality-specific seroprevalence was 6.0% (95% confidence interval [CI], 4.1%-8.8%) in Qataris, 5.3% (95% CI, 2.5%-11.1%) in Iranians, 4.2% (95% CI, 1.8%-9.5%) in Lebanese, 3.1% (95% CI, 1.2%-7.7%) in Sudanese, 3.0% (95% CI, 1.4%-6.4%) in Palestinians, 2.2% (95% CI, 1.1%-4.3%) in Egyptians, 2.0% (95% CI, 1.0%-5.0%) in Syrians, 1.0% (95% CI, 0.3%-3.6%) in Jordanians, 0.7% (95% CI, 0.1%-3.7%) in Yemenis, and 0.5% (95% CI, 0.1%-2.8%) in Pakistanis. There was evidence for higher seroprevalence in older age groups. Conclusions The seroprevalence of HSV-2 was in the range of few percentage points. There were no major differences in seroprevalence by nationality. These findings add to our understanding of HSV-2 epidemiology in MENA and indicate unmet needs for sexual health and control of sexually transmitted infections.
SponsorFunding text #1 From the *Infectious Disease Epidemiology Group, Weill Cornell Medicine—Qatar, Cornell University, Qatar Foundation—Education City; †Department of Biomedical Science, College of Health Sciences, and ‡BioMedical Research Center, Qatar University, Doha, Qatar; and §Department of Healthcare Policy and Research, Weill Cornell Medi-cine, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY Acknowledgments: The authors gratefully acknowledge the administrative support of Ms Adona Canlas. They are also grateful to Dr Asmaa Al-Marwani, Ms Maria Samatti, and Ms Sana Abohasera for their work on blood specimen collection. The authors are further grateful for sup-port provided by the Biostatistics, Epidemiology, and Biomathematics Research Core at Weill Cornell Medicine—Qatar. Funding text #2 Funding: Testing kits were provided through pilot funding by the Biomedical Research Program at Weill Cornell Medicine—Qatar. Funding text #3 G.K.N. acknowledges support by Qatar University internal grant No. QUST-CHS-SPR-15/16-7. L.J.A. and S.R.D. acknowledge study conception and design support through NPRP grant number 9-040-3-008 from the Qatar National Research Fund (a member of Qatar Foundation), and G.K.N. acknowledges support from the Qatar National Research Fund UREP grant number UREP18-001-3-001. The findings achieved herein are solely the responsibility of the authors.
Languageen
PublisherLippincott Williams and Wilkins
SubjectHerpesvirus 2
SubjectHuman
SubjectSimplexvirus
SubjectNeonatal herpes
TitleHerpes Simplex Virus Type 2 Seroprevalence among Different National Populations of Middle East and North African Men
TypeArticle
Pagination482-487
Issue Number7
Volume Number45
elsevier.identifier.scopusid SCOPUS_ID:85044471006
dc.identifier.essn 1537-4521


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