A Real Case-Based Study Exploring Influence of Human Age and Gender on Drivers’ Behavior and Traffic Safety
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The demand for understanding the functional relationship between changes in traffic safety level and human-related factors has increased remarkably due to a steady increase in population and traffic volume. Motor vehicle crashes can cause a serious impact on the victims, families, and the community resulting in instability of family and large socio-economic costs to society and healthcare service. Statistical studies of drivers’ behavior as a function of some of the human characteristics, in particular, have become increasingly important for establishing an evidence-based framework through which transportation and healthcare authorities can develop innovative solutions to mitigate serious consequences of risky driving. This paper uses a real-world dataset to analyze the relationship between the human characteristics and both the behavior and risk-level. In addition to that, this paper conducts several analytical studies to investigate the extent to which the risky driving behavior may affect the severity of the crash and human injury.