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AuthorGillani A.H.
AuthorAziz M.M.
AuthorMasood I.
AuthorSaqib A.
AuthorYang C.
AuthorChang J.
AuthorMohamed Ibrahim M.I.
AuthorFang Y.
Available date2020-02-24T08:57:10Z
Publication Date2018
Publication NameExpert Review of Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research
AbstractBackground: Diabetes mellitus (DM) has a very high prevalence and poses a huge financial encumbrance on patients. This study aimed to evaluate the cost of diabetes care among patients with type 2 diabetes in private clinics of southern Punjab, Pakistan. Research design and methods: This was a descriptive, cross-sectional, prevalence-based, cost-of-illness (COI) study conducted in six private clinics of southern Punjab from July to September 2016, using a pretested questionnaire. Study participants were recruited using a random selection method. Continuous variables, including direct and indirect costs, were summarized using descriptive statistics. Inferential statistics were also used to analyze the correlation between the variables and cost. Results: The mean annual direct cost per patient with diabetes was estimated to be 332 USD. Medications accounted for the largest share (60.4%) of this cost. Age, locality, high socioeconomic status, and prolonged disease duration were significantly associated with the direct costs of illness (p?<?0.05). Moreover, 19% of total earnings among very low-income patients were spent on diabetes care. Conclusions: A substantial proportion of patients? income is spent on diabetes care in Punjab. Our findings support the substantial individual and societal burden caused by diabetes.
SponsorThis study was approved by the Ethics Committee for Medical Research of Xi?an Jiaotong University in Shaanxi, China. Permission was obtained from all practitioners in private clinics. Literate patients were asked to sign the consent form approved by the ethics committee. Illiterate patients received clarification about the contents of the written consent form, and a data collector received the patient?s permission to sign the consent form on their behalf.
PublisherTaylor and Francis Ltd
SubjectDiabetes mellitus
Subjectdirect cost on diabetes
Subjectindirect cost
TitleDirect and indirect cost of diabetes care among patients with type 2 diabetes in private clinics: a multicenter study in Punjab, Pakistan
Pagination647 - 653
Issue Number6
Volume Number18

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