Using the transtheoretical model's stages of change to predict medication adherence in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus in a primary health care setting
Mohamed Ibrahim M.I.
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Background: Qatar is currently experiencing a worrying increase in the prevalence of diabetes mellitus (DM). One of the most common reasons for uncontrolled DM is non-adherence to medications. The socio-behavioral intervention has proven effective in some chronic illnesses. Objectives: To assess the stages of change (SOC) and medication adherence scores of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) patients visiting primary healthcare institutions in Qatar, and to evaluate the cause and effect relationship between SOC and adherence to antidiabetic medications. Methods: The 8-item Morisky Medication Adherence Scale (MMAS-8) was used to assess medication adherence, and a 2-item SOC questionnaire was utilized to classify the SOC. The analysis to determine if the SOC could predict medication adherence while controlling for demographic characteristics, total number of prescribed medications and disease duration was done using hierarchical multiple regression. Results: The final analysis included 387 patients. In relation to medication adherence, majority of the patients were in the maintenance stage (76.7%), followed by the preparation stage (14.7%), the action stage (3.9%), the contemplation stage (3.4%) and the precontemplation stage (1.3%). Most of the patients were in high adherence towards antidiabetic medications (50.3%) followed by low level (26.4%) and medium level (23.3%). SOC was significant and positively predicted medication adherence, which accounted for around 58 to 60% (p < 0.001) while controlling for covariates. Conclusions: SOC was significant and positively predicted medication adherence. The study recommends that the SOC questionnaire could potentially be used to identify patients at risk for low adherence.
- Pharmacy Research [295 items ]