Determination of Bromate, Perchlorate and selected ions in drinking water supplies in Qatar
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About 99% of the potable water used in Qatar is desalinated and Qataris spend approximately 15 million dollars in importing bottled water (90 million L), as the public thinks it is of better quality than the tap water. Since both tap and bottled water are stored in plastics, there are certain factors (e.g. temperature and UV light) which might affect their quality. Till now, there is no study available on the quality of drinking water in Qatar. This study is focused on analyzing the selected ions along with the toxic Bromate and Perchlorate ions in tap water collected from different locations in Qatar and five commonly consumed bottled water brands. The water samples were analyzed using the Dionex Ion Chromatography ICS 5000+. The concentrations of selected ions (ammonium, bromide, calcium, chloride, fluoride, lithium, magnesium, nitrate, nitrite, potassium, sodium and sulfate) were found to be below the set standard levels. The toxic Bromate and Perchlorate were not detected in any of the water samples tested in this study. However, the concentration of phosphate ions in all tap water and 5 bottled water brands ranged from 0.37-0.69 ppm which is above the standard (0.1 ppm) set by the Water Authority in Qatar, indicating that phosphates might have been added to drinking water to avoid corrosion in pipes. In conclusion, both tap water and bottled water brands studied are safe for consumption with respect to all ions. However, more research needs to be carried out to collect samples from the same locations during different times of the year to determine the impact of environmental factors on the formation of toxic Bromates and Perchlorates. Additionally, the public in Qatar should be encouraged to drink tap water since its quality is very much comparable to the bottled water, in contrast to their beliefs.
- Biological & Environmental Sciences [303 items ]