Evaluating knowledge, skills, and practice change after an accredited evidence-based medicine course for community pharmacy preceptors
Introduction: Incorporating evidence-based medicine skills into practice is vital for pharmacists to promote rational medication use while making optimal patient care decisions. The objective of this study was to evaluate the impact of an evidence-based medicine course on the knowledge and precepting skills of community pharmacy preceptors. Methods: This was a longitudinal, multiphase, interventional study, which involved the development of an evidence-based medicine course based on results of an educational assessment. The course was delivered over five sessions and included didactic and active learning strategies. The impact was measured by the preceptor's ability to apply knowledge gained from the course while providing student feedback during a community practice experience using a journal club context. Results: Ten preceptors completed the course with 50% and 70% passing the drug information and critical appraisal assessments, respectively. When measuring course impact, 44% of preceptors were able to provide feedback at a proficient level while 56% needed further development. Preceptors' confidence improved across pre-course, post-course, and after the observation phase in interpreting study results (p = 0.016), teaching the student evidence-based medicine skills (p = 0.008), and providing feedback to the student regarding journal clubs (p = 0.010). Students rated high improvement in the preceptor's ability to provide feedback related to critical appraisal skills. Conclusion: A course-based approach to increase preceptor's knowledge of critical appraisal and drug information skills may be effective. - 2019 Elsevier Inc.
- Pharmacy Research [357 items ]