Meanings of Women's Agency: A Case Study from Qatar on Improving Measurement in Context
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The measurement of women's agency poses numerous challenges, including multi-dimensionality and context-specificity. This challenge is especially large for non-Western contexts that adapt measurement instruments without rigorous testing and comprehensive understanding of construct meanings in place. In this paper, we present a case study from Qatar where we investigate the face validity, comprehension and functionality of women's agency scale items. Cognitive interviews were conducted with twenty-four women to capture their interpretations of decision-making, freedom-of-movement, and gender attitudes scale items. The majority of women originally reported that they made their own decisions; yet, further probing revealed otherwise. While women seemed to understand, as intended, the freedom-of-movement item, the items measuring gender attitudes were generally reflective of broader local societal norms rather than the women's own opinions. This research highlights the need for deeper exploration into women's understanding of an agency scale before its use in a new context. 2019, 2019 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group.
- Social & Economic Survey Research Institute Research [172 items ]