Diffusion of saturated hydrocarbons in low density polyethylene (LDPE) films
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The diffusion coefficients at zero penetrant concentration, D0, of n-heptane, n-heptane, n-octane, n-decane, and 2,2,4-trimethylpentane (TMP) in LDPE were obtained in the range of 25–50°C, using the desorption method. The dependence of D0 on the size and shape of the penetrant is reported. It was found that D0 decreases with increasing penetrant molecule size. The activation energies of diffusion in the temperature range of 25–50°C increase with increasing penetrant molecule size and are independent of temperature. The results are interpreted in terms of the free volume theory and semiquantitative estimates of the free volume parameters are reported.
- Chemical Engineering Research [93 items ]