Use of local discarded materials in concrete
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Steel slag, a by-product of steel manufacturing, is generated in large quantities in Qatar. In fact, it is estimated that more than 400,000tons of steel slag are generated annually in the country. Gravel, resulting from washing sand, is also produced at more than 500,000tons/year in Qatar. Both materials are not efficiently used in the country and most of its aggregate (gabbro) needs are imported from neighboring countries. This paper presents the results obtained on the use of steel slag, gravel and gabbro in concrete. A total of nine concrete mixtures were prepared. One concrete mixture that contained 100% gabbro aggregate was considered as the control mix. Four concrete blends containing 100%, 75%, 50%, and 25% steel slag (by weight) were prepared as partial replacements of gabbro aggregates. Another four concrete mixtures containing 100%, 75%, 50%, and 25% gravel (by weight) were cast as partial replacements of gabbro aggregates. All samples were cured in a water tank for 7, 28 and 90days and then subjected to compressive, flexural and splitting tensile strength tests. All concrete mixtures prepared easily met the 28-day compressive strength design requirement of 28MPa. Best results were obtained for concrete prepared using 100% steel slag aggregates. Concrete cast using 100% gravel yielded lower strength results than the control mixture (100% gabbro). However, there was an increase in strength values with an increase in gabbro content in gravel/gabbro mixtures. Additional work is necessary to establish long-term performance, especially concerning what is reported in the literature about the expansive characteristics of steel slag aggregates when used in concrete. It should be noted that concrete cured for 90days in the water tank did not exhibit any reversal in strength.
- Civil & Architectural Engineering [137 items ]