|Abstract||Qatar faces a social and economic transformation today linked to its unique demographic
composition. Understanding social interactions within and across its diverse subgroups is
critical for understanding and managing this transformation. In its second wave of "From
Fareej to Metropolis: A Social Capital Survey of Qatar II", we set out to describe those
interactions and to compare them to the findings from the 2011 first wave survey.
To achieve this goal, we draw on the concept of social capital, which refers to the sum of
correlation indicators between the members of the same community, whether at the level of
family and personal relationships, between different groups in the community, or the trust in
institutions and public services.
2 Numerous studies support the hypothesis that there is a link
between the increase of social capital in a certain community and its prosperity, including the
work by Robert Putnam3 on Italian south and north provinces, in which he makes a link
between the prosperity of the north and the increase of social capital indicators therein.
This executive report presents a comparison between selected findings from the 2011 and
2015 waves of "From Fareej to Metropolis: A Social Capital Survey of Qatar.” The report is
organized according to the various social capital literatures into bridging, bonding, and
institutional social capital.
4 Bonding indicators examine the relationship between members of
the same group and family and personal relationships, while bridging social capital indicators
explore the relationship and communication between various groups. Finally, the third section
presents the results of the institutional social capital indicators, which examine the attitudes
of Qataris and white-collar expats towards government services, media sources, and their
participation in charity and volunteer work.
The report concludes that social capital in Qatar is still high in terms of within-group bonding
relationships. It also indicates a significant increase in the indicators of trust among Qataris
and white-collar workers in particular, while the percentage remained stable for the blue-collar
workers as compared to the previous wave of the study. Last section of the study notes a rise
in confidence among Qataris and white-collar workers in government agencies and services,
and in unofficial sources of information such as majlis, the internet, and friends. It is also
noted that there is no significant increase in the percentage of people participating in civil
society institutions between the two waves of the study.