Antioxidant constituents from Lawsonia inermis leaves: Isolation, structure elucidation and antioxidative capacity
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The antioxidant potential of different fractions of Lawsonia inermis (Lythraceae) was investigated. The n-butanolic fraction showed the highest yield of extraction; it also exhibited a strong antioxidant activity in the DPPH assay and a potent capacity in preventing linoleic acid oxidation. Five phenolic glycosides were identified in this fraction. The structure of a new compound was established as 1,2,4-trihydroxynaphthalene-1-Ο-β-d-glucopyranoside. In addition, the known 2,4,6-trihydroxyacetophenone-2-Ο-β-d-glucopyranoside was described for the first time in this species. The three other compounds, lalioside (2,3,4,6-tetrahydroxyacetophenone-2-Ο-β-d-glucopyranoside), lawsoniaside (1,2,4-trihydroxynaphthalene-1,4-di-Ο-β-d-glucopyranoside) and luteolin-7-Ο-β-d-glucopyranoside, have been previously reported in L. inermis. The antioxidant activity of these glycosides was evaluated by DPPH and β-carotene assays, and compared to those of commercial standards. 1,2,4-Trihydroxynaphthalene-1-Ο-β-d-glucopyranoside was the most active in the DPPH free-radical scavenging test (EC50 = 6.5 μg/ml) and showed a moderate inhibition in the β-carotene bleaching assay. Chemical components of L. inermis have good antioxidant capacities and this species could be used as a potential source of new natural antioxidants.
- Biological & Environmental Sciences [187 items ]